The origin of the Mid-Autumn Festival

- Sep 17, 2018-

The origin of the Mid-Autumn Festival

The Mid-Autumn Festival has a long history and is gradually developed along with other traditional festivals. The ancient emperors have a spring festival and a ritual system for the autumn festival. As early as in the book Zhou Li, there is a record of the word "Mid-Autumn Festival". 

Later, the aristocrats and literati bachelors also followed suit. In the Mid-Autumn Festival, they were bright and round in the sky, watching the worship, and bearing their feelings. This custom was passed on to the people and formed a traditional activity until the Tang Dynasty. 

This kind of custom of worshipping the moon is more important to people, and the Mid-Autumn Festival has become a fixed holiday. The 《Tang Shu·Tai Zong Ji》 records "August 15 Mid-Autumn Festival", which is popular in the Song Dynasty, and it was already in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It is one of the main festivals in China, along with New Year’s Day.

In Jianning, the Mid-Autumn Night is a good sign for the moon palace. Shanghang County people have passed the Mid-Autumn Festival, and most of the children are asking for aunt when they worship the moon. When Longyan people eat moon cakes, parents will dig up two or three-inch round cakes for the elders in the center, meaning that secret things can't be known to the younger generation. This custom is derived from the legend that there is a message of anti-member killing in the mooncake. The Golden Gate must pay attention to the heavens before the moon.

There are customs of the Mid-Autumn Festival in the Chaoshan area of Guangdong, mainly women and children, and there are vulgarities of “men are not round moons, women are not offering stoves”. In the evening, when the moon rises, the women will pray in the courtyard and on the balcony. The silver candle is burning, the cigarettes are lingering, and the table is filled with good fruit and cake as a ritual. There is also the habit of eating steamed buns in the Mid-Autumn Festival.

Mid-Autumn Festival.

 The tides are vulgar: "The river runs to the mouth, and the clams eat." In August, it was the harvest season, and the peasants used to worship the ancestors with their hoes. This is of course related to farming, but there is also a widely circulated legend in the folk: in 1279, the Mongolian aristocracy destroyed the Southern Song Dynasty and established the Yuan Dynasty, which carried out a brutal rule against the Han people. The horse was defended against the Chaozhou anti-yuan. After the city was broken, the people were massacred. In order not to forget the suffering of the Hu people, the descendants took the singer and the "Hutou" homophonic, and resembled the human head, in order to pay homage to the ancestors, passed down from generation to generation, still exist.