High-power LED ceramic COB technology
The LED power is continuously improved, and the heat dissipation and heat resistance requirements of the LED chip carrier and the system circuit board are more strict.
In view of the comprehensive considerations of insulation, pressure resistance, heat dissipation and heat resistance, ceramic substrates have become one of the important materials for chip adhesion technology. The technology can be divided into a thick film process (Thick film), a low temperature co-firing process (LTCC) and a thin film process (DPC). However, the thick film process and the low-temperature co-firing process use screen printing technology and high-temperature process sintering, which is prone to rough lines, inaccurate alignment, and shrinkage ratio. If the line is more and more sophisticated, high-power LED products, For LED products that require accurate eutectic or flip chip processes, thick-film and low-temperature co-fired ceramic substrates are gradually in use.
For this reason, the high heat dissipation coefficient thin film ceramic heat dissipation substrate is formed by sputtering, electric/chemical deposition, and yellow light lithography process, and has the characteristics of precise metal lines and stable material system, and is suitable for high power, small size, high brightness LEDs. The development trend has solved the stringent requirements for the resolution and accuracy of the metal substrate of the ceramic substrate in the eutectic/wrapping process. The thin film ceramic COB (Chip On Board) heat sink substrate can meet different lighting needs.
When the LED chip uses ceramic as the carrier board, the heat dissipation bottleneck of the LED module is transferred to the system circuit board (PCB), which transfers the heat energy from the LED chip to the heat dissipation fin and the atmosphere, and as the function of the LED chip is gradually improved, The material has gradually changed from FR4 to metal core printed circuit board (MCPCB), but with the development of high-power LEDs, the thermal coefficient of MCPCB material (2~4W/mk) cannot be used for higher power products. The demand for ceramic circuit boards has become increasingly popular.
In order to ensure the material stability and light decay stability of LED products under high power operation, the trend of using ceramics as heat dissipation and metal wiring substrates has become increasingly clear. Ceramic materials currently cost more than MCPCB. Therefore, how to use the high heat dissipation coefficient of ceramics to save material use area to reduce production costs has become an important indicator for the development of ceramic LEDs.
The concept of COB technology:
COB is not a new technology in the electronics manufacturing industry. It refers to directly bonding the bare chip to the circuit board and soldering the wire/bonding wire directly to the gold-plated line of the PCB. It is also known as Wire bonding. Through the sealing technology, the packaging steps in the IC manufacturing process are effectively assembled directly on the circuit board. In the LED industry, as modern technology products become more and more lightweight and highly portable, in addition, in order to save the system board space problem of multiple LED chip design, in the demand of high-power LED system, it is developed to directly stick the chip. COB technology attached to the system board.
The advantages of COB are: high cost efficiency, simple circuit design, saving system board space, etc., but there are also technical barriers for chip integration brightness, color temperature adjustment and system integration. Taking a 25W LED as an example, a traditional high-power 25W LED light source must be packaged into 25 LED components using 25 1W LED chips, while the COB package is to package 25 1W LED chips in a single chip. The secondary optical lens will be reduced from 25 to 1 piece, which will help to reduce the light source area, reduce material, and system cost, thereby simplifying the secondary optical design of the light source and saving assembly labor costs.
In addition, the high-power COB package requires only a single high-power LED to replace multiple LED packages of 1 watt or more, which makes the product thinner and lighter. At present, COB products are still mainly used in the production of COPCB products. However, MCPCB still has many problems of heat dissipation and excessive light source area, so the fundamental way is to update from the heat dissipation material to the most effective solution.
Ceramic COB substrates have the following advantages:
I. Thin film process to make the basic line more precise;
II. Large amount of cost reduction;
III. High plasticity, which can be done according to the different needs of partners;
The development of COB is to simplify the trend of system boards. The practical use of lighting fixtures, brightness, heat dissipation and cost control are all important factors.